The appointment of Museveni as President took place after the overthrow of the infamous dictator I. Amin. At first, it was met favorably by the world community. Museveni himself proclaimed the refusal to persecute political opponents and the openness of the country to economic reforms. In 1987, Uganda began to carry out reforms under the supervision of the IMF.
In the mid-1990s, Museveni and his henchmen followed the path typical for many African dictators and began to prepare the ground for Museveni's eternal rule.
The authorities began to persecute the opposition and the mass media. Independent publications were being closed, and journalists were being accused of “mutiny”.
Following the adoption of the law “against homosexuality” in 2014, the situation with gay rights has deteriorated dramatically. The law prescribes to inform about all suspicious persons from the point of view of this directive.
Censorship is flourishing in the country, and not only of the mass media but also of movies and theatrical productions. Recently, the authorities have launched an attack on freedom of speech on the Internet by imposing a tax on the use of messaging and voice services and banned VPN.
It is possible to say now, that power in Uganda has slowly and surely degraded to a typical African dictatorial regime, and the once promising democratic leader Museveni has become a mediocre dictator clinging to power in every way possible.
Years of rule: 1986 – present time;
Official position occupied: President;
Official title: —
Official ideology: Nationalism;
Unofficial title: —
Quotes and sayings: «Any individual, any group or person who threatens the security of our people must be smashed without mercy.», «European homosexuals are recruiting in Africa», «I told those Europeans… I don’t need lectures from anybody»
Level of tyranny: High;
Influence on democracy: Negative;
Results of the reign: Civil war, Military conflicts, Suppression of opposition, Cruelty to demonstrators, Unemployment, Child labor, Marginalization of the population, Criminal prosecution of gays, Promotion of denunciations, Arbitrary closure of the media, Attachment of journalists, Censorship, Total corruption;
Pros of the reign: Idi Amin dictatorship overthrow, Fight against AIDS, Free school education;
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. Brief Chronology of the Reign
1986: Museveni was sworn in as President of Uganda;
1987: Civil War;
1994: War in the Congo;
1996: Elected president;
1998: The Second Congo War;
2001: Elected president;
2002: The newspaper Monitor is closed;
2003: Police brutality;
2005: The restriction on the number of presidential terms, Arrest of the opposition;
2006: Completion of civil military confrontation;
2009: Attempt to criminalize LGBT people, Police kill demonstrators during protest;
2011: Police kill demonstrators during protest, Arrest of the opposition, Museveni was re-elected with 61%, Bribing Voters, Harassment and Intimidation of Opposition, Electoral fraud;
2012: Banned the theatrical production of the “State of the Nation”, Freedom of expression under threat;
2013: “The Daily Monitor” and “The Red Pepper” were closed, Journalists were arrested;
2014: Anti-Homosexuality Law;
2016: Blocking social networks, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni has easily won re-election, Opposition arrested before and after elections, Voter intimidation, Electoral fraud;
2017: Opposition members arrested, ;
2018: Internet censorship,Blocked VPN ;
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. Detailed Timeline Of The Reign
1986: Museveni was sworn in as President of Uganda.
«The people of Africa, the people of Uganda, are entitled to a democratic government. It is a favour from any regime. The sovereign people mist be the public, not the government».
[The Times, 30 January, 1986]
In his speech, the President Museveni proclaimed commitment to human rights and economic reforms. He swore on the Bible, that democracy is the right of the people of Africa. [THE NEW YORK TIMES]
1987: There are many rebel groups in Uganda, the largest of which is the “Holy Spirit Movement”. The Civil War lasted until 2006. [Wikipedia]
1989: Amnesty International has documented many human rights violations by insurgents in areas not controlled by the Ugandan army. [Amnesty International]
1996: Museveni elected President with 75.5% of the vote. [TRIPOD]
2001: Museveni re-elected President of Uganda with 69% of the vote. The elections were accompanied by threats against the opposition candidate. [TRIPOD]
The Supreme Court of Uganda ruled that the elections were not free, but refused to cancel their results. [Daily Monitor]
2002: The military closed the independent newspaper "The Daily Monitor", and its employees were accused of preparing a rebellion. Two journalists were convicted based on this absurd accusation. [Wikipedia]
2006: The presidential election was marred by intimidation of voters, the violation of their rights and abuse of power by the police and the army. Museveni won with 59% of the vote. [BBC]
2009: A bill criminalizing same-sex relations between men began to be discussed in the Ugandan Parliament. The bill proposed the introduction of the death penalty for homosexuality. Non-reporting of homosexuality was supposed to be punished by a fine or imprisonment, landlords were forbidden to rent apartments to homosexuals. The law was not adopted under pressure from the international community. [BBC/Reuters]
Nine people were killed by the police at a demonstration in April
2011: Museveni received 68% of the vote in the following presidential election. The opposition and the European Union noted the maximum use of administrative resources by the dictator. The opposition pointed out the large-scale bribery of voters. [Reuters]
2012: The bill on the criminal prosecution of homosexuals was again submitted to Parliament. [Amnesty International]
Uganda’s Media Council banned the theatrical production of the “State of the Nation” play, which criticized the regime. [RFI]
2013: Two of the most famous newspapers, “The Daily Monitor” and “The Red Pepper”, were closed. Employees of these periodicals were arrested. [Al Jazeera]
2014: Museveni signed the law against homosexuality adopted by the Parliament. The law provides for life imprisonment for homosexuality and obliges Ugandan citizens to report all suspicious persons. [The Economist]
The local newspaper "Red Pepper" published the names of 200 alleged homosexuals. [The Economist]
2016: Prior to the elections, military units of the Ugandan army were brought to the streets of cities. Inspection points were installed on all major intersections. [National Post]
Museveni received 61% of the vote thanks to numerous electoral violations by the authorities. Many prominent politicians were arrested, voters were constantly being intimidated by security forces and the army, the regime made maximum use of administrative resources to support Museveni. [IBT Media Inc]
Not being able to work legally during the election, many journalists used Twitter and Facebook, as well as other private messengers. [Postmedia]
2017: Museveni signed a bill to amend the Constitution, which removed the prohibition of persons over 75 years of age to become President. In addition, the Presidential term was increased to 7 years. [The Observer]
An independent survey showed that only 15 percent of Uganda's adult population supported the constitutional changes carried out by the Museveni regime. [The Observer]
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. Gallery
[Photo: Jack Taylor/Getty Images, Feng Li/Getty Images, Anwar Hussein Collection/ROTA/WireImage, William F. Campbell/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images]