Emomali Rahmon's personal dictatorship in Tajikistan has a long history. His coming to power took place in the Soviet times, when Tajikistan was one of the Soviet republics. The ascension to the highest position occurred against the background of aggravation of the internal political situation in 1992, when the civil war began. As a result of the peace talks between the various political forces, the government reconciled with the opposition in 1997. Rahmon's personal power not only withstood but also strengthened, especially in the early 2000s. Repressions against the opposition and control over the media have done their job, and the Republic has become a typical for this part of the world dictatorship, in which control over the state is carried out by one family or clan and political life is replaced by imitations of democratic institutions.

Low political culture of the citizens of Tajikistan, control over the media and repressions against political opponents are not the only sources of Rahmon's authoritarian power. An important factor in the regime's stability is the Russian army, stationed on the territory of the Republic and supporting the friendly authoritarian regime. The 201st Gatchina military base was formed in 2004 to “support the constitutional law” and is located in the cities of Dushanbe and Bokhtar.

Since the 2010s, Rahmon has been trying to pursue a foreign policy more independent from Russia and China, especially in the area of economy. A successful fight against Islamization can be named as the positive result of Rahmon’s rule. It even can be set as an example to many countries of the world, including several European countries such as France, Belgium, Great Britain and Sweden.

Years of rule: 1992 — present time;

Official position occupied: President;

Official title: Founder of Peace and National Unity, Leader of the Nation

Official ideology: Nationalism;

Unofficial title:

Quotes and sayings:

Level of tyranny: Average;

Influence on democracy: Negative;

Results of the reign: Usurpation of power, Human Rights Violations, Human Rights Violations of LGBT, Suppressing Freedom of Speech, Ill-treatment in prison, Political repression, Corruption, Nepotism;

Pros of the reign: Fighting the Taliban, Fighting Islamization, Ban on religious political parties, Religious restrictions;

Evil Rating — x.xx/10

Emomali Rahmon. Brief Chronology of the Reign

1992: Elected Chairman of the Supreme Council of Tajikistan, The beginning of the civil war, Arrests and harassment of activists and political opponents, Censorship, Harassment and intimidation of journalists;

1994: Elected president;

1996: Censorship, Persecution of the opposition;

1997: Riot of prisoners brutally suppressed, Persecution of journalists, Arbitrary arrest and detention, Torture and Ill-treatments in Police;

1999: Emomali Rahmon was re-elected;

2003: The Referendum;

2006: Emomali Rahmon was re-elected;

2013: Emomali Rahmon was re-elected;

2015: Emomali Rahmon has signed into law a bill that gives him the title "Leader of the Nation" and grants him lifelong immunity from prosecution;

2015: The Referendum;

2017: Government control of the media, Political Control, The son of Emomali Rahmon was appointed mayor of Dushanbe by his father's decree;

 

Emomali Rahmon. Detailed Timeline Of The Reign

1992 год: November 19, elected Chairman of the Supreme Council of Tajikistan

The beginning of the civil war, which lasted until 1997. The confrontation resulted in about 100 thousand victims [Human Rights Watch]

1997: An assassination attempt on President Emomali Rakhmon took place in April. In Khujand, the security forces of Tajikistan carried out mass arrests of political activists. The number of detainees ranged from 200 to 280. Authorities arrested Mumijon Qodirov, the politician was accused of “extortion”. [Human Rights Watch]

On April 14-17, a revolt broke out in the penal colony of Khujand. Security forces stormed the prison resulting in a real massacre: 100 to 150 victims amongst prisoners, over 200 injured. The legitimacy of the use of such a serious action against prisoners was not investigated by the authorities. [Human Rights Watch]

1999: Rahmon re-elected President for a seven-year term. According to official data, he received 97% of the vote. The opposition called the elections falsified. [Wikipedia]

2003: On June 22, a referendum was held, which allowed E. Rahmon to run for President for two more terms [Wikipedia]

2006: In the presidential election Rahmon won 79% of the vote (according to official data). [Wikipedia]

2013: On November 6, Rahmon was re-elected President with 84% of the vote. The OSCE mission recognized the elections as not fair and transparent enough. [OSCE]

2015: Rahmon became the "Leader of the Nation". Tajikistan adopted a law declaring Rahmon "the founder of peace and national unity – the Leader of the Nation". According to this constitutional act, Rahmon is granted many lifetime privileges, including full prosecution immunity and the right to veto all state decisions. The property and finances of the Rahmon family are not subject to restriction. The privileges also apply to members of the family [PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN]

2016: In the referendum, the citizens of Tajikistan approved the reduction of the minimum age of the presidential candidate to 30 years and lifted the limit on the number of presidential terms. Dictator Rahmon became able to run for President an unlimited number of times, and, if necessary, to transfer his post to his youngest son Rustam. [Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty]

2017: The dictator's son was appointed mayor of Dushanbe. The Rahmon family controls all significant enterprises of the country and the largest Tajik Bank. [The Guardian, 12.12.2010]

2019: Some members of opposition died during a riot in one of the prisons. The authorities placed all the responsibility on the prisoners themselves. [Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty]

Emomali Rahmon. Gallery

[Photo: Photo by Madoka Ikegami-Pool/Getty Images, Vladimir Astapkovich/Host Photo Agency/Ria Novosti via Getty Images, Tajikistan Presidency/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images]

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